屋頂農場是糧食短缺的解方嗎?

In Paris, urban farmers are trying a soil-free approach to agriculture that uses less space and fewer resources. On top of a striking new exhibition hall in the southern 15th arrondissement of Paris, the world’s largest urban rooftop farm has started to create a clean, productive and sustainable model of agriculture.

一群在巴黎的都市農人嘗試利用無土耕植法,打造出更省空間、資源的農業模式。在巴黎南部的第15區,有一個展覽大廳的頂樓是世界最大的城市屋頂農場,這座農場正開啟乾淨、有產能且永續的示範農業。

Hardy, an engineer and sustainable development consultant, began experimenting with vertical farming, aeroponic growing towers, and soil-free plastic columns packed with coconut fibre on his Paris apartment block roof five years ago.

永續發展工程師兼顧問哈迪在五年前開始這項實驗,他在自己巴黎的公寓頂樓執行垂直農法,也就是以填充椰子纖維的種植塔無土培育蔬菜。

This space in the exhibition hall is somewhat bigger: 14,000 sq meters, the size (almost exactly) of two football pitches. Already, the team of young urban farmers who tend it have picked 3,000 lettuces and 150 punnets of strawberries in one day. When the remaining two-thirds of the vast rooftop of Paris Expo’s Pavillon 6 are in production, 20 staff will harvest up to 1,000kg of perhaps 35 different varieties of fruit and vegetables, every day. They are already supplying local residents, who can order fruit and veg boxes online.

展覽大廳的屋頂比哈迪的公寓大得多,約14,000平方公尺,幾乎是兩座足球場大。而這群都市農人團隊在一天內就收成三千顆生菜、150簍草莓。剩下的三分之二空間也能再收成約35種、一千公斤的蔬果,而且是每一天。他們已經能向一些當地居民供貨,網路上就能訂購蔬果箱。

Urban farming of the kind being practiced in Paris is one part of a bigger and fast-changing picture. “That resilience can be economic: urban farming, hyper-local food production, can plainly provide a measure of relief in an economic crisis. But it is also environmental: boosting the amount of vegetation in our cities will help combat some of the effects of global heating, particularly urban ‘heat islands’.” says Hardy.

這種屋頂農場的都市農法已經在巴黎快速發展,哈迪表示:「城市農業,比鄰食物生產等都市韌性,可以成為緩解經濟危機的一種方法,這也跟自然環境有關,增加都市中的植物量,可以幫助對抗地球暖化,尤其是「都市熱島效應」。

參考資料: 國家教育研究院雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網,Cambridge Dictionary, Urban Dictionary, Merriam-Webster
編輯/馬婉娟

本圖、文經《英語島雜誌》授權刊登,訂閱英語島雜誌
世界公民文化中心:商業英文學得又快又準


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